Yaroslav , Grand Prince of Kiev
Sex: MIndividual InformationBirth: 980 1 Christening: Death: February 20, 1053-1054 1 Burial: Cause of Death: AFN #:
ParentsFather: Vladimir I , Grand Prince of Kiev Mother: Rogneide
Spouses and Children1. *Ingeborg Marriage: 1019 1 Status: Children: 1. Anne of Kiev 2. Isiaslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev 3. Anastasia
Byname Yaroslav the Wise, Grand Prince of Kiev from 1019 to 1054. He was vice-regent of Novgorod at the time of his father's death in 1015. Then his eldest surviving brother, Svyatopolk the Accursed, killed three of his older brothers and seized power in Kiev. Yaroslav, with the active support of the Novgorodians and the help of the Varangian (Viking) mercenaries, defeated Svyatopolk and became the grand prince in Kiev in 1019. Yaroslav began consolidating the Kievan state through both cultural and administrative improvements and through military campaigns. He promoted the spread of Christianity in the Kievan state, gathered a large collection of books, and employed many scribes to translate Greek religious texts into the slavic language. He founded churches and monasteries and issued statutes regulating the legal position of the Christian Church and the rights of the clergy. With the help of Byzantine architects and craftsmen, Yaroslav fortified the beautified Kiev along Byzantine lines. He built the majestic Cathedral of St. Sophia and the famous Golden Gate of the Kievan fortress. Under Yaroslav the codification of legal customs and princely enactments was begun, and this work served as the basis for a law code called the Russkaya Pravda ("Russian Justice"). Yaroslav persued an active foreign policy, and his forces won several notable military victories. He regained Galicia from the Poles, decisively defeated the nomadic Pechenegs on the Kievan state's southern frontier, and expanded Kievan possessions in the Baltic region, suppressing the Lithuanians, Estonians, and Finnish tribes. His military campaign against Constantinople in 1043 was a failure, however. Trade with the East and West played an important role in Kievan Rus in the 11th century, and Yaroslav maintained diplomatic relations with the European states. His daughters Elizabeth, Anna, and Anastasia were married respectively to Harald III of Norway, Henry I of France, and Andrew I of Hungary. In his testament, Yaroslav sought to prevent a power struggle among his five sons by deviding his empire among them and enjoining the younger four sons to obey the eldest, Izyaslav, who was to succeed his father as grand prince of Kiev. This advice had no lasting effect, and civil war ensued after Yaroslav's death.
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1 Ancestral Roots, Frederick Weis, (Seventh Edition 1992,1993 Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, Maryland ISBN 0-8063-1207-6). 205.