Vladimir I , Grand Prince of Kiev
Sex: MIndividual InformationBirth: Cir 956 Kiev 1 Christening: Death: July 15, 1015 Berestova, near Kiev 1 Burial: Cause of Death: AFN #:
ParentsFather: Svyatoslav , I, Grand Prince of Kiev Mother: Maloucha
Spouses and Children1. *Unknown Marriage: Status: Children: 1. Dobroniega 2. Rogneide Marriage: Status: Children: 1. Yaroslav , Grand Prince of Kiev
Grand Prince of Kiev and first Christian ruler in Kievan Rus, through whose military conquests the provinces of Kiev and Novgorod were consolidated into a single state, and whose Byzantine baptism determined the direction of Christianity in what became Russia. Son of the Norman-Rus prince Svyatoslav of Kiev by one of his courtesans, in the Rurik lineage dominant from the 1oth to the 13th centuries, Vladimir was made prince of Novgorod in 970. On the death of his father in 972, he was forced to flee to Scandinavia, where he enlisted help from an uncle and overcame Yaropolk, another son of Svyatoslav, who attempted to sieze the duchy of Novgorod as well as Kiev. By 980 Vladimir had consolidated the Kievan realm from the Ukraine to the Baltic Sea and had solidified the frontiers against incursions of Bulgarian, Baltic, and Eastern Nomads. Although Christianity in Kiev existed before Vladimir's time, he had remained a pagan, accumulated about seven wives, established temples, and, it is said, taken part in idolatrous rites involving human sacrifice. With insurrections troubling Byzantium, the emperor Basil II (976-1025) sought military aid from Vladimir, who agreed, in exchange for Basil's sister Anne in marriage. A pact was reached cir. 987, when Vladimir also consented to the condition that he become a Christian. Having undergone baptism, assuming the Christian patronal name Basil, he stormed the Byzantine area of Chersonesus (Korsun, now part of Sevastopol) to eliminate Constantinople's final reluctance. Vladimir then ordered the Christian conversion of Kiev and Novgorod, where idols were cast into the Dnepr River after local resistance had been supressed. The new Rus Christian worship adopted the Byzantine rite in the Old Church Slavonic language. The story (deriving from the 11th-century monk Jacob) that Vladimir chose the Byzantine rite over the liturgies of German Christiandom, Judaism, and Islam because if its transcendent beauty is apparently mythically symbolic of his determination to remain independent of external political control, particularly of the Germans. The Byzantines, however, maintained ecclesiastical control over the new Rus Church, appointing a Greek metropolitan, or archbishop, for Kiev, who functioned both as legate of the patriarch of Constantinople and of the emperor. The Rus-Byzantine religio-political integration checked the influence of the Roman Latin Church in the Slavic East and determined the course of Russian Christianity, although Kiev exchanged legates with the papacy. Among the churches erected by Vladimir was the Desyatinnaya in Kiev (designed by Byzantine architects and dedicated cir. 996) that became the symbol of the Rus conversion. The expansion of education, judicial institutions, and aid to the poor were other legacies of the Christian Vladimir. Another marriage following the death of Anne, affiliated Vladimir with the Holy Roman emerors of the German Ottoman dynasty and produced a daughter, who became the consort of Casimir I the Restorer of Poland (1016-1058). Vladimir's memory was kept alive by innumerable folk ballads and legends.
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1 Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition. Vol 12, Pg 411.