Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor
Sex: MIndividual InformationBirth: April 2, 747 1 Christening: Death: January 28, 814 Aix-la-Chapelle, or Aachen, Austrasia 2 Burial: Cause of Death: AFN #:
ParentsFather: Pepin III Mother: Bertha
Spouses and Children1. *Hildegarde Marriage: Cir 771 1 Status: Children: 1. Louis I, Holy Roman Emperor 2. Pepin 3. Aupals (Alpais)
"Also called Charles I, byname Charles the Great, king of the Franks (768-814)
and king of the Lombards (774-814), who united by conquest nearly all the
Christian lands of western Europe and ruled as Emperor (800-814). (He is
reckoned as Charles I of both the Holy Roman Empire and France.) Besides
expanding his politcal power, he also brought about a cultural revival in his
empire, called the Carolingian Renaissance.
"A member of the Carolingian dynasty and the son of Pepin III the Short,
Charlemagne acceded to the Frankish throne in 768, gaining sole control upon
the death of his brother in 771. He conquered the Lombards and the pagan
Saxons, whom he Christianized. His continued expansion of the frankish state,
his close alliance with the papacy, and the papal desire for a western epmeror
to counter Byzantium resulted in the coronation of Charlemagne in 800. His
court at Aix-la-Champelle became an intellectual, political, and
administrative center after 794.
"After death his body was borne in a sarcophagus to the church that he had
built. It remained there undisturbed until its formal translation in 1165 on
the occasion of Charles's canonization at the request of the emperor
Frederick I Barbarossa by the antipope Paschal III. The popular cult of
Charlemagne was fairly widely observed in Germany and France during the Middle
Ages, so that he is now regarded as having been informally beatified.
"Legend fastened on Charles as soon as he was dead. It helped to create an
image that neither he nor his successors could match. His reign overshadowed
the future, and most of the problems that his successors had to face were
implicit in the legacy that he left in them."
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1 Ancestral Roots, Frederick Weis, (Seventh Edition 1992,1993 Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Baltimore, Maryland ISBN 0-8063-1207-6). 51.
2 Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition, Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th Edition.